Seoul – While the sun sets over Gyeongbokgung palace, an angry mob of around 1500 people shouts “fake refugees out!” The target of protest are 500 Yemeni refugees who arrived at Jeju Island earlier this month.

The most eye-catching demonstrators were four men dressed in super hero costumes. A Korean journalist told me that they are famous netizens with a large share of followers among right winged internet users. The presence of these netizen-protestors reminds us that the Refugees Out Movement has its roots online. At online forums such as “refugee out”, demonstrations and petitions are spread among thousands of members. (https://cafe.naver.com/refugeeout/). On these blogs, headings such as “RAPEFUGEES NOT WELCOME” show that the online rhetoric is even more extreme today’s demonstrator’s chants.

Among the speakers at the protest, there was a man who reportedly lived in Saudi Arabia, and vividly described “the oppressed lifestyle caused by Islam law that will definitely come to Korea if we allow refugees to settle”. A girl from Jeju island fearmongered that ‘refugees will rape Korean women and steal jobs from Koreans in the near future. The crow started chanting “Uri nara!” (Our nation!) and “Kungmin mŏnjŏ!” (Korean citizens first!). Other speakers claimed that refugees will distort the harmonious South Korean nation and bring unwanted cultures to South Korea.

A young man sings a K-pop song
This student holds a sign saying “deport fake refugees, abolish the refugee law”

At one point, a woman wearing a niqab walked past the stage, not saying a word while simply pushing her stroller along the crowd while kindly waving at the people. I expected the aggressive chants to increase, but instead, people looked away uncomfortably while being confronted with the silent protest of family.

Clashing ideologies

While the anti-refugee demonstration came to an end, youngsters with rainbow flags painted on their cheeks walked down from Seoul’s City Hall plaza. Today, tens of thousands of people celebrated the Gay Pride Parade in the biggest LGBT-event ever held in South Korea.

The extreme anger at the anti-refugee demonstration on the one hand, and the euphoric joy of the Gay Pride on the other, created a bizarre atmosphere in downtown Seoul tonight. At City Hall plaza, people held banners advocating a Korean society that is more inclusive to minorities. Some hundred meters away, anti-refugee protesters screamed xenophobic chants.

And so, the sweltering heat of South Korea’s summer set the stage for clashing ideologies co-existing within one square kilometer of each other. A wave of increasing liberalism on the one hand, and internet-grown conservatism on the other, all hit South Korea at the same time. In the coming years, South Korea awaits the extremely complex task of finding a place for all opinions in society. But for now, it seems that the 500 Yemeni refugees are caught in the crossfire.


Published by Ifang Bremer

Freelance journalist and researcher with a special interest in East Asian international relations and current affairs. Alumnus of Korean Studies at Leiden University.

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